“You look tired.” These three little words are the hardest ones to hear - especially when you aren’t. So how do we combat our increasingly fatigued faces?
In terms of greetings to be abjectly avoided, “You look tired,” is up there in the top rankings.
The thing with looking tired is that it may have no obvious basis; you might feel full of beans, but your face is letting you down. It goes without saying that most of us would much rather look awake and refreshed, rather than mostly dead. And there’s good reason. Researchers from Stockholm University found that people who appear tired are also more likely to be perceived as unhealthy and less attractive (that’ll be the red eyes, dark circles and sallow skin) and since our faces contain information on which we, humans, base our interactions with each other, how tired we appear can affect how others interact with us.
So apart from sleeping properly, eating only raw vegetables and not working (all of which are largely impossible), we decided to investigate why we look tired and what we can do to make ourselves look, well, awake…
1. Remember that lost sleep is lost forever
Myth expelled: lost sleep cannot be caught up on. Sleep expert Dr Neil Stanley explains: “Our bodies crave regularity so you should have a similar amount of sleep (seven to nine hours) a night.”
A study from America’s Center for Disease Control and Prevention has actually found that too much (more than 10 hours) or too little (below six hours) is linked to chronic conditions like diabetes, coronary heart disease and anxiety. A greater risk is observed when the sleep pattern changes abruptly – after the weekend, for instance. That means that the risk peaks on Mondays, after our weekend lie-ins, because it’s more of a shock to our bodies.
Scary, but there’s a solution at hand: “Wake up 30-40 minutes earlier on weekends than you would usually to ensure that Monday morning shock to the system is minimised,” Dr Stanley advises.
2. Make sure to get enough sunlight
During winter the sky is white or grey because the colder air, ice particles and water droplets form more easily and these scatter light of all wavelengths (and all colours) resulting in a whiter sky. Science lesson over.
But the grey winter sky makes us look more sallow and tired than we actually are, and while we can’t change the weather, we can use light-reflective serums or primers. Try the Idealia Life Serum, £30, Vichy. which uses golden and red particles to brighten your face and diffracts the natural light as it hits the face.
There’s another sneaky way that winter light makes us look tired. A 2011 study of 5,000 women throughout the seasons found that circles and bags under the eyes appear significantly darker in the colder months. In fact, 82% of women have dark circles and puffy eyes in winter as opposed to 38% in summer.
That’s due to the body’s lack of vitamin D, a substance that is found in the body that increases bone density but must be synthesised by natural light. The lack of vitamin D makes us feel more lethargic and sleepy looking.
To counterbalance it, psychologist Ken Goodrick advises: “Sneak out for a 10-minute walk outside at least once during the day or when you’re at your most tired — bright light has a caffeine-like power to make you look alert. Get out even if it’s grey; you’ll get a lot more light exposure than you do in your office.”
3. Breathe deeply
When we breathe naturally it tends to be shallow and quick, meaning that we aren’t taking in enough oxygen. This means we have higher levels of carbon monoxide in our blood which can make us more tired. When we don’t get enough oxygen in our blood, our heart rate and blood pressure increase too, all of which causes untold stress on our bodies.
This also affects our faces, as bad circulation (caused by the lack of oxygen) results in fluid building up within the tissues around the eyes, leading to bloated faces. Sleeping on your side or stomach can encourage fluids to collect under your eyes so try to sleep on your back, at least for the few hours before you have to get up.
Stress expert Neil Shah also suggests that we should practise deeper breathing to ensure our bodies are oxygenated as they should be. “Practise breathing from your diaphragm several times each day — when you’re feeling tired, put your hand over your abdomen and inhale, and focus on making your stomach move,” he says.
4. Keep hydrated
“Dehydration during the night causes waking and can even lead to panic attacks,” explains Dr Stanley. Keeping a large glass of water by your bed and drinking half before bed and half in the morning should ensure you’re hydrated but not too hydrated.
It’s not just night-time hydration ruining our appearance, though. Even mild dehydration can make us look and feel lethargic. Our blood volume lowers, meaning we don’t get as much blood to our brains and our heart has to pump faster. While our body is working overtime, the blood (and colour) is diverted away from places that don’t need it, like our faces, causing us to look ultra-drained.
We’re told to drink eight glasses a day but that’s just a guess; the real amount depends on your weight, height and activity level. The hydration calculator will tell you your precise daily water quota.
4. Update your out-of-date beauty routine
In the winter everything is darker – from the evenings to our moods – but few of us adapt our beauty regimes accordingly (a study in 2012 revealed that the average woman will only make changes to her signature look every 12 years).
Seasonal beauty grooming is key. Ensure your foundation has a brightening effect in the darker months by using a primer like Superprimer Colour Corrects Dullness, £22, Clinique. The slight pink tones lift and enhance the nuances of natural skin.
It’s also important to adapt your colours. “Brighter shades in winter clash with the greyer skies,” says Illamasqua creative director make-up artist Alex Box. “Embracing darker shades creates a contrast with any skintone brightening our faces.”
Our skincare should change too; cosmetic doctor Dr Frances Prenna Jones advises an extra dose of exfoliation if we’re looking weary. “Use glycolic acids. These fruit acids dissolve the top layer of dead skin cells and resurface the skin by allowing the active new skin cells underneath to spring to the surface for plumper and brighter skin.’’
Try Glycolic Fix, £12.95 for 60 pads, Nip + Fab – pre-moistened glycolic pads that provide a brighter skintone in one (clean) sweep.
5. Your thread count matters
Cotton bedding fabric is made of thousands of random fibres twisted into yarns with tangles that protrude from the fabric’s surface. The higher the thread count, the more fibres are packed into the fabric’s construction which leads to thicker, stiffer sheets.
If you wake up with raw or sensitive skin on your face, it could be that your thread count is too high, causing irritation. Dyed bed linen can also add to this facial aggravation, (exacerbating the tired appearance of your skin) so opt for low-thread count white linen if tired-looking, blotchy morning skin is becoming a concern.
Sleeping on your side or back is preferable too; lying on your stomach pushes your face into the harsh cotton causing more inflammation still.
The ideal choice is silk sheets that glides across the skin – amino acids found in silk could prevent premature ageing.
6. Avoid too much sugar overload
We know that sugar is the nemesis of beautiful skin. Renowned American dermatologist Dr Nicholas Perricone confirms this: “One of the reasons inflammation occurs in the skin is from a rapid rise in blood sugar, which causes biochemical changes in the cells that results in accelerated ageing. When blood sugar increases, sugar can attach itself to collagen in a process called glycation, making the skin look stiff. Losing the elastic resilience of young skin will give you deep wrinkles and make you look old.”
It’s hard enough to avoid office treats as it is, but your sleep-deprived brain finds it impossible to resist. People who have gone without enough sleep release higher levels of hormones that let the body know it’s time to eat – and fewer hormones that signal being full, according to the University of Chicago Medical Center.
Research from Uppsala University in Sweden also shows that the sleep-starved select bigger portion sizes. If you want to wake up looking peachy follow Dr Perricone’s advice: “The amino acid tryptophan helps the body get regular sleep. The best sources include salmon, turkey, cottage cheese and grapes – which are brilliant for your skin too.”
7. Keep moving
Poor posture doesn’t just make you look tired; it makes you physically wearier too. “When the joints aren’t aligned properly, the whole body has to work so much harder,” says Sherry Brourman, a physical therapist in Los Angeles and author of Walk Yourself Well. A slouched-over posture puts extra strain on your hips and back making you feel more tired than you actually are. There’s a simple way to adjust your standing posture, Brourman says: “While gazing down – without craning your neck – you should be able to see the tops of your shoes.”
But just walking around instead of staying stuck at your desk helps implicitly. Sitting in one position for long periods of time can drain our energy levels; a study by the Aeromedical Research Laboratory found that people who were tired performed better standing up than sitting down. Your body also links any inactivity (like sitting down for hours) with sleep, and, finally if you’re staring at a computer screen for 10 hours on the trot (hello life), you blink less, leading to dry eyes, eye strain and fine lines around the eyes – all of which makes us look tired, when actually we’re just work-laden. Take one minute of every hour to walk around, have a break and move – you’ll see and feel the difference immediately.
Combat ‘tired face’ with these clever buys:
Keep this wristband on all night to monitor your micro movements, determining when you are in deep or light sleep. Over time it will reveal your sleep patterns and an alarm can wake you at the right time in your cycle.
Pillow marks on your face: not very professional. This pure silk pillowcase lets skin breathe, allowing night cream to penetrate and keep your face hydrated.
BY TERRY Terrybly Densiliss Blush in Beach Bomb
The hyaluronic acid in this blusher genuinely lifts your skin, and this shade suits most skintones. For those days when more sleep isn’t an option.
Bliss Triple Oxygen Instant Energizing Mask
Quick enough to apply at work, this five-minute mask foams up after being applied and promises to inject a rosy glow into sallow, tired complexions.
Images: Asdrubal Luna / iStock / Pexels