Despite the daily walks, many of our step counts have taken a hit over the past year. But aiming for 10,000 steps could be misguided, anyway. Here’s why…
At 8 o’clock on a Wednesday night, my housemate Megan asked me to join her in pacing around our seven-by-seven foot garden. The reason why? She hadn’t hit her goal of 10,000 steps, and wanted to close the rings on her fitness tracker.
That was during the first lockdown, when we thought that we’d only be staying inside for a few weeks, and wanted to keep our routines as normal as possible. We quickly gave up on that dream, but Megan still fretted over the days that her step count was closer to three figures than five.
Because while walking got some people through the past year, it was hard to keep your movement consistently high unless you were heading out for a hike every single day. That’s down to the fact that we were missing out ‘incidental steps’, says Marie Murphy, walking expert and leader of the scientific body reviewing the UK’s adult physical activity adult guidelines. “Even if you’re not an active commuter, you still normally walk to your car, to the station, to your office building,” she says.
“Right now, we’re not really punctuating our day with that movement. The difference between working from home and being in a normal office setting is big too, as you’d previously be getting up to talk to people and even the toilets are further away than they are in your house. These ‘incidental’ steps help to break up sedentary lifestyles. ”
While I’m not wedded to a tracker like my housemate, I do use my Health app to loosely check if I’ve been moving enough throughout the day. In my pre-lockdown life, I’d be going above and beyond 10,000 steps without a problem. I’d roll out of bed and walk straight to the gym, where I’d complete a strength workout before commuting to work. My days were often spent running up and down stairs in the office and popping out to grab some lunch, before trudging 20 minutes home from the Tube station in the evening.
The easing of lockdown has meant that it’s still not a priority, as socialising or heading to the gym has taken favour over a daily walk. It’s made me more aware of my movement than ever. But is the need to clock in a minimum step count per day misguided?
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“Well, we do know that almost any exercise brings benefit in a graded relationship, so the more you do, the more benefit you get,” Murphy says. Research by Harvard Medical School shows that women who averaged approximately 4,400 steps a day had a significantly lower mortality rate than those who averaged approximately 2,700 steps a day. The more steps the women did, the lower the mortality rate – but only until they hit 7,500 steps. At this point, the health benefits levelled out. So if the extra 2,500 don’t help, why are we so obsessed with them?
The recommendations for 10,000 steps a day is actually a marketing ploy that dates back to a Japanese pedometer brand in the 1960s. The device, called manpo-kei which translates to 10,000 step meter, popularised the nice round number as their slogan. 50 years later, we’re all still wedded to it.
However, the thing that gets lost in the step count glorification is that the UK doesn’t actually have guidelines on how many steps we should be doing a day. Rather, the advice is that we get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity over the course of the week.
Of course, quantity of movement and your step count are correlated: “Evidence shows that people who do 10,000 steps generally tend to meet the guidelines of 150 minutes of exercise,” Murphy explains. “But it’s because of the fact that in order to get that many steps in, people will have had to have added in a brisk walk or a run, or some sort of formal activity into their day.”
It’s raising the heart rate, rather than stepping, that really counts. In 2018, Public Health England issued advice for people to “focus on brisk walking, not just 10,000 steps, to improve health”, advising that people start with 10 minutes of focused activity a day.
So, no, it isn’t the end of the world if the only steps you’re losing out on are the ones you take from your front door to your car – as long as you’re getting in some heart-rate-rising walking during your allocated outside time, and follow up with some exercise in the home.
“The obsession with hitting 10,000 steps is misguided, especially in the current environment,” Murphy adds. “It’s better to focus on replacing the current step deficit with something structured, like a cardio workout, gardening, playing football with your kids, or anything that will get you to the moderate-intensity target.”
So that’s what I’ve done. Rather than forcing myself to get my steps in, I’ve added an extra cardio session on the end of my workouts after my upper body circuits or lower body supersets. It means I’m getting my heart beating faster in order to compensate for a lack of other movement, and it beats going for a stress walk around the block after a long day of work. But one thing I’m definitely not doing anymore? Pacing my garden.
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Chloe Gray is the senior writer for stylist.co.uk's fitness brand Strong Women. When she's not writing or lifting weights, she's most likely found practicing handstands, sipping a gin and tonic or eating peanut butter straight out of the jar (not all at the same time).