How to deal with the painful burn of a stitch when running.
A stitch may be small, but they sure are mighty. When that pain materialises in your stomach, usually just under your ribs, you know about it: a stabbing, cramping, aching sensation that is debilitating enough to stop you in your tracks.
Usually, people blame themselves for their stitch, thinking it’s a sign of poor fitness levels or bad pacing. But even those who are super fit can get stitches. Case in point: Kerry Dixon, former athlete and founder of The Athlete Method, who has had her fair share of stitches. “Your fitness levels are irrelevant,” she says. “That’s just a myth and also a nice excuse to not give something a try because you’re not ‘fit enough’.”
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So if it’s not your fitness, what is the real cause of a stitch? That’s where things get more complicated. “No one knows exactly what causes it,” says Kerry. She says that a stitch can be down to “your muscles becoming over engaged or over-compensating”, for example if you’re leaning to one side or sucking in your abdominals too much.
“The other theory is that it’s to do with limited blood flow into your lungs and diaphragm [the muscle that helps your lungs expand]. There’s more demand on the body during exercise and if the blood flow can’t get there fast enough, the organs can really struggle to keep up,” Kerry adds.
“It could also come down to either the muscles pressing on nerves around that area, the ligament’s and muscle membrane ‘tugging’ on your abdomen thanks to the impact of running, or simply the movement of exercise putting strain on your upper and lower abdomen,” says Kerry.
Essentially, it can be as much about you and your running form as it is one of those weird things that the body sometimes does.
How to prevent a stitch when running
While the reasons why we get a stitch may be a little vague, there’s more concrete ways to prevent one from coming on. Firstly, stay hydrated. “Trying to make sure that you drink plenty of water in the hours leading up to your runs is important. It’s easier and smarter to be hydrated in advance, because if you down a load of water while training it can cause bloating and make the stitch worse,” says Kerry.
“Also avoid eating large portions of food before running because, again, it’s might not digest properly. If the bowels are trying to process and break down food while you’re running it can cause irritation, which won’t help,” she adds. Kerry recommends having a meal two or three hours before running, or a light snack an hour or so before heading out.
Her third tip is to ensure that you do a proper warm up before running to prepare the muscles and get the blood flowing. “Anything that can reduce demand on the muscles is going to help,” Kerry explains.
How to deal with a stitch when running
The big question: should you let yourself stop and stretch it out or just push through your stitch? “Stop or at least slow down for a minute or so and take some deep breaths,” says Kerry. “I always found that lifting my hand overhead – my right hand if the stitch was on my right side – to stretch and decompress the obliques and abdomen really helped. You need to get your diaphragm to relax and once the blood flows into that area, it should stop the pain and allow you to continue moving again.”
Remember: there’s no shame in stopping mid-run if you need to, and you’re not proving anything by pushing through pain. “It’s very difficult to run through a stitch and it doesn’t always help to keep going,” says Kerry.
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Chloe Gray is the senior writer for stylist.co.uk's fitness brand Strong Women. When she's not writing or lifting weights, she's most likely found practicing handstands, sipping a gin and tonic or eating peanut butter straight out of the jar (not all at the same time).