Anxiety disorders are very common among UK adults. According to the latest statistics from Anxiety UK, more than one in 10 people are likely to have a “disabling anxiety disorder” at some point in their life. The conversation surrounding the condition is bigger and more widespread than ever.
And as the stigma attached to common mental health conditions continues to lessen (unfortunately, the same cannot be said for the less common conditions such as bipolar and schizophrenia), we have the opportunity to learn more about those symptoms which have previously been left unnoticed.
It’s used to describe the fear that people with anxiety disorders develop towards their anxiety symptoms, notably the bodily sensations they develop as part of their anxiety. The main fears people with anxiety sensitivity experience are that those symptoms will either a) make their anxiety easily observed by others, or b) actually be the initial signs of a serious physical or mental illness.
“Many of those who deal with mental health issues, and anxiety disorders in particular, are not in fact concerned chiefly with objects, events, or issues in the world,” Noam Shpancer writes for Psychology Today. “Rather, they are afraid of the very bodily sensations of anxiety itself.”
Anxiety symptoms that could trigger anxiety sensitivity include irregular breathing, heart palpitations, trembling and sweating, all of which are pretty common indicators that the body’s fight-or-flight response has been triggered. However, for people who deal with anxiety sensitivity, these signs could trigger their anxiety further, exacerbating their bodily symptoms and leading them in to a negative cycle.
And while anxiety sensitivity is something primarily experienced by those who deal with anxiety disorders, anyone can deal with it from time to time. For example, if you have to do a big presentation at work, you may get nervous that people will see you trembling or your voice might quake in the middle of your speech, in turn making your anxiety worse.
However, there is some good news about anxiety sensitivity: just knowing it exists and understanding why it happens is helpful in reducing its impact on us.
For example, in cases of high anxiety sensitivity, psychotherapists have found that teaching their client more about their diagnosis – and how their body responds to feelings of anxiety – helps them to understand more about what their bodily sensations actually mean, rather than speculating or worrying about the fact that they could be the first signs of a more serious illness.
Other coping techniques taught by psychotherapists include cognitive restructuring – where patients are taught to challenge their beliefs about their anxiety and the world around them – and emotional acceptance – where patients are taught to observe rather than act upon their emotional reactions by using mindfulness.
In this way, there are methods we can use to cope with anxiety sensitivity as we go about our day-to-day lives. However, if your anxiety sensitivity begins to impact your everyday life, you should consider seeking professional help.
As Daniel Fryer, psychotherapist and author of The Four Thoughts That F*ck You Up… and How To Fix Them, previously told Stylist, challenging our beliefs, thoughts and emotional reactions is a great way to cope with any symptoms of anxiety.
“You have to keep [challenging your thoughts] repeatedly. It’s the only way to affect change,” he said. “You have to say to yourself, ‘well, if it isn’t helping me, then what is it doing? It’s making me anxious. Where is it making me anxious? Well, it’s stopping me from doing A or B, and it’s ridiculous – I don’t want to be like that anymore’.
“You have to keep going through that in your head – over and over again – until this way of thinking becomes a new established pattern.”
So next time you find yourself worrying about trembling in front of a crowd or panicking at dinner with your friends, try to remember that these are all typical symptoms of anxiety sensitivity. Being aware of the fact – and practicing mindfulness by observing the thoughts, feelings and emotional reactions you’re having in that moment – can really help you to keep this “fear of fear” under control.